UPSC Philosophy Syllabus 2018 IAS Mains Paper I, II Exam Pattern Format

UPSC Philosophy Syllabus

Union Public Service Commission has declared UPSC Philosophy Syllabus & exam pattern new format for all zeal appliers.
is going to deliver this information on this page for appliers so that they may get all the required details of exam. IAS optional Exam Pattern is also available here for all appearing contenders. Awaited candidates should download pdf file of study material through official website or the link given below on this article. Deserving job finders can also found complete syllabus of forth coming career connected written examination through official website of UPSC.

If appliers will obtain the exam pattern new format than they will be able to earn required confidence till the examination day. Difficulty level of questions must be in front of dedicated aspirants through previous papers regarding this written exam. Frequently UPSC conducts exams for the selection of qualified and capable appliers in their department on available posts. Philosophy Paper I/II examination will operate on prescribed date by organization at various cities so shortlisted aspirants should start their preparation in better way.

All the awaited job grabbers can follow the official website of Union Public Service Commission that is to download pdf of UPSC Philosophy Syllabus & exam pattern easily. We are providing whole important details associated to IAS Mains Paper I, II Exam Pattern Format & Syllabus. Aspirants who will qualify this examination they will be called for further rounds of selection procedure for job. All the best!!

Short Details of Philosophy Syllabus

Organization Name – Union Public Service Commission

Exam Name – PSC IAS Optional

Page Include Information about – Syllabus with exam pattern

Status of Syllabus – Available

Official Website –

UPSC IAS Mains Paper I, II Exam Pattern Details

UPSC Philosophy Prelims Syllabus

Section A-Problems of Philosophy:
  • Substance and Attributes: Aristole, Descartes, Locke, Berkeley’s criticism, Nyaya-Viasesika, Buddhist criticism of Pudgala.
  • God, Soul and the World: Thomas Acquinas, St. Augustine, Spinoza, Descartes, Nyaya-Vaisesika, Sankara, Ramanuja.
  • Universals: Realism and Nominalism (Plato, Aristotle, Berkeley’s criticism of abstract ideas, Nyay-Vaisesika, Buddhism).
  • Bases of Knowledge: Pramanavada in Carvaka, Nyaya-Vaisesika, Buddhism, Advaita Vedanta.
  • Truth and Error: Correspondence Theory, Coherence theory, Pragmatic Theory; Khyativada (Anyathakhyati, Akhyati, Anivacaniyakhyati).
  • Matter and Mind: Descartes, Spinoza, Leibnitz, Berkerley.

Section-B Logic:
  • Truth and Validity
  • Classification of sentences: Traditional and Modern.
  • Syllogism: Figures and Moods; Rules of Syllogism (General and special) validation by Venn Diagrames; Formal Fallacies.
  • Sentential Calculus: Symbolisation; Truth-Functions and their interdefinability; Truth Tables; Formal Proof.

Section-C Ethics:
  • Statement of fact and statement of value.
  • Right and Good; Teleology and Deontology.
  • Psychological Hedonism.
  • Utilitarianism (Bentham; J.S. Mill).
  • Kantian Ethics.
  • Problem of the freedom of will.
  • Moral Judgements: Descriptivism, Prescriptivism, Emotivism.
  • Niskamakarma: Sthitaprajna.
  • Jaina Ethics
  • Four Noble Truths and Eight fold path in Buddhism.
  • Gandhian Ethics: Satya, Ahimsa, Ends and Means.

UPSC Philosophy Mains Syllabus: Participants who has qualified IAS Prelims exam and want to take part in the Indian Administrative Service Mains Exams must check UPSC IAS Philosophy Mains Syllabus here.

UPSC Philosophy Syllabus Section A:

History and Problems of Philosophy:
  • Plato and Aristotle: Ideas; Substance; Form and Matter; Causation; Actuality and Potentiality.
  • Rationalism (Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz): Cartesian Method and Certain Knowledge; Substance; God; Mind-Body Dualism; Determinism and Freedom.
  • Empiricism (Locke, Berkeley, Hume): Theory of Knowledge; Substance and Qualities; Self and God; Scepticism.
  • Kant: Possibility of Synthetic a priori Judgments; Space and Time; Categories; Ideas of Reason; Antinomies; Critique of Proofs for the Existence of God
  • Hegel: Dialectical Method; Absolute Idealism
  • Moore, Russell and Early Wittgenstein: Defence of Commonsense; Refutation of Idealism; Logical Atomism; Logical Constructions; Incomplete Symbols; Picture Theory of Meaning; Saying and Showing.
  • Logical Positivism: Verification Theory of Meaning; Rejection of Metaphysics; Linguistic Theory of Necessary Propositions.
  • Later Wittgenstein: Meaning and Use; Language-games; Critique of Private Language.
  • Phenomenology (Husserl): Method; Theory of Essences; Avoidance of Psychologism.
  • Existentialism (Kierkegaard, Sartre, Heidegger): Existence and Essence; Choice, Responsibility and Authentic Existence; Being-in-the –world and Temporality.
  • Quine and Strawson: Critique of Empiricism; Theory of Basic Particulars and Persons.
  • Ca-rva-ka: Theory of Knowledge; Rejection of Transcendent Entities.
  • Jainism: Theory of Reality; Saptabhan(ginaya; Bondage and Liberation.
  • Schools of Buddhism: Prati-tyasamutpa-da; Ksanikavada, Naira-tmyava-da
  • Nya-ya- Vais’esika: Theory of Categories; Theory of Appearance; Theory of Prama-na; Self, Liberation; God; Proofs for the Existence of God; Theory of Causation; Atomistic Theory of Creation.
  • Sa-mkhya: Prakrti; Purusa; Causation; Liberation
  • Yoga: Citta; Cittavrtti; Klesas; Samadhi; Kaivalya.
  • Mima-msa-: Theory of Knowledge
  • Schools of Veda-nta: Brahman; I-s’vara; A-tman; Jiva; Jagat; Ma-ya-; Avidya-; Adhya-sa; Moksa; Aprthaksiddhi; Pancavidhabheda
  • Aurobindo: Evolution, Involution; Integral Yoga.

UPSC Philosophy Syllabus Section B:

Socio-Political Philosophy:
  • Social and Political Ideals: Equality, Justice, Liberty.
  • Sovereignty: Austin, Bodin, Laski, Kautilya.
  • Individual and State: Rights; Duties and Accountability
  • Forms of Government: Monarchy; Theocracy and Democracy.
  • Political Ideologies: Anarchism; Marxism and Socialism
  • Humanism; Secularism; Multiculturalism.
  • Crime and Punishment: Corruption, Mass Violence, Genocide, Capital Punishment.
  • Development and Social Progress.
  • Gender Discrimination: Female Foeticide, Land and Property Rights; Empowernment.
  • Caste Discrimination: Gandhi and Ambedkar

Philosophy of Religion: UPSC Philosophy Syllabus
  • Notions of God: Attributes; Relation to Man and the World. (Indian and Western).
  • Proofs for the Existence of God and their Critique (Indian and Western).
  • Problem of Evil.
  • Soul: Immortality; Rebirth and Liberation.
  • Reason, Revelation and Faith.
  • Religious Experience: Nature and Object (Indian and Western).
  • Religion without God.
  • Religion and Morality.
  • Religious Pluralism and the Problem of Absolute Truth.
  • Nature of Religious Language: Analogical and Symbolic; Cognitive and Non- cognitive.

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